The Constitution Unit has just published its report on English local authorities’ experiences complying with the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and the Environmental Information Regulations (EIRs) throughout 2010. The report aimed to gain an understanding of the numbers and types of requests local authorities received throughout 2010, the problems they encountered with compliance and their thoughts about different aspects of FOI. The study used a web-based survey of local authorities’ FOI practitioners. Of the 353 local authorities in England, practitioners from 104 (or 29%) gave substantive responses to the survey. Key findings include:
- Based on answers given by the 104 participating practitioners, the total estimated number of FOI/EIR requests received by local authorities in 2010 is 197,737. This is 33,229 (or 20%) more requests than we estimate were made in 2009.
- A total cost of £31.6 million (an average of £159.80 per request) was estimated based on multiplying the average number of hours spent on a request, the total number of requests and the £25 per hour standard rate in dealing with an FOI request. Cost has therefore steadily fallen since 2008, showing an increase in efficiency in dealing with requests. It should however be noted that it is relatively difficult to generate an accurate estimate considering both the comparatively small sample and wide spread around the average time spent on a request. Interestingly, some local authorities (such as Rotherham Borough Council) have taken to including the cost of handling a particular request upon supplying the information to the requester.
- All council types improved their performance with regard to answering requests within the 20 day limit, despite the fact that requests are increasing in number.
- With regard to amount of information disclosed following a request, slightly more were answered in full in 2010 (79.1%) compared to 2009 (78%). However there are wide differences amongst council types. In line with this, the number of requests where no information has been released has decreased, though again, there are wide differences across council types.
- Opinion was divided over the impact of the £500 spending publication rule introduced by the coalition government.
“Extra work and virtually no benefits – for residents, businesses or the Council!”
“It’s a springboard to further regular disclosures, with a bit of luck.”
- Financial information continues to be the most frequently requested, as has been the case since 2008.
- According to respondents, the general public generate most requests, contradicting Tony Blair’s publicised regret that FOI is used not by “the people”, but predominantly by journalists. However, it is difficult to be certain of exactly who is making use of FOI as most councils fail to record this.
- Respondents identified a few main problems with compliance: requests, requesters, lack of resources, and the cooperation of management or service departments. This is a similar list to that of the 2009 report.
“Increased number of requests with less resources available to deal with them”
“Receiving information from holders and communication of requests from departments”
- When asked about positive effects of the Act, the most frequently given answers were: the development of more open, transparent, and accountable authority, improvements to records management, and general improvements to the organisation.
You can read the full report here.